Family History and Genealogy Resources by Surname
Hanks Surname Origin
A nurse-name, or an abbreviation of John, the 'a' being added for 'son;' so 'Sims,' and 'Gibbs,' etc.
Source: An Etymological Dictionary of Family and Christian Names With an Essay on their Derivation and Import; Arthur, William, M.A.; New York, NY: Sheldon, Blake, Bleeker & CO., 1857.
Hanks Surname Meaning and Family Facts
There is more to Hanks family history than the origin of your surname:
A Hanks Family History Thought:
'If you would not be forgotten,
As soon as you are dead and rotten,
Either write things worthy of reading,
Or do things worthy of writing.' --Benjamin Franklin, May 1738