Family History and Genealogy Resources by Surname
Hanks Surname Origin
A nurse-name, or an abbreviation of John, the 'a' being added for 'son;' so 'Sims,' and 'Gibbs,' etc.
Source: An Etymological Dictionary of Family and Christian Names With an Essay on their Derivation and Import; Arthur, William, M.A.; New York, NY: Sheldon, Blake, Bleeker & CO., 1857.
Hanks Surname Meaning and Family Facts
There is more to Hanks family history than the origin of your surname:
A Hanks Family History Thought:
'There is no king who has not had a slave among his ancestors, and no slave who has not had a king among his.' --Helen Keller