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Free Ireland Townland Genealogy Records Search

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Ireland Townland DataBase

Enter a Townland and a County to receive all lines that contain the requested Townland and the requested County. This is a If you only enter a County, the search engine will return EVERY townland in that County.
Field Name Search Data Sort By Search Method
Civil Parish:     
Poor Law Union:     

Search for a list of the Parishes in the selected County
 Civil Parish:   

Search for Baronies in the selected County

A townland is the smallest official land division in Ireland. There are more than 60,000 townlands which vary in size from the smallest, less than two acres, to the largest, more than 7,000 acres. The better quality land was divided into smaller townlands.

Many records that genealogists use are divided by townlands. This includes records such as the census, tithe applotments, Griffith's Primary Valuation and more.

Knowing the townland where your ancestors lived may help set one family apart from others of the same surname. However, if you know the townland you must also know the parish, barony, and county, as there are many townlands of the same name throughout Ireland.

Civil Parish
Parishes are the next smallest land division in Ireland and are made up of several townlands. There are about 2,500 civil parishes in the country. Griffiths Valuation used the Civil Parish division. Civil parishes originally were the same as the Church of Ireland parishes but Church parish boundary may have changed after 1869 while civil parishes generally did not. The parishes of the Catholic Church in Ireland are generally unrelated to civil parishes.

Baronies are the next smallest land division and are an historical subdivision of a county. There were 331 baronies in Ireland, but the term is no longer in use. Barony Map of 19th Century

County is the largest land division in Ireland. Ireland has 32 counties. The Irish Republic has 26 counties and Northern Ireland (a part of the UK) has 6 counties.

Poor Law Union
A system of Poor Law was introduced into Ireland in 1838 to oversee the workhouse system for paupers. Each Poor Law Union included several parishes. These same districts later became used as General Registrarís Districts within which births, deaths, and marriages were collected.

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