Interviewing family members may help us learn information about the family history, culture, and the traditions of one's ancestors not found in photographs. Photographs and civil records give us the documentation but not the essence of the person. Information from an interview can help make that person come alive in the journaling of your heritage scrapbook.
Ideas for interviewing relatives
- Use a video camera on a tripod or solid surface to film the interview.
- Start the camera before the interview begins for a more natural, less self-conscious conversation. If the person being interviewed feels self-conscious, the camera doesn't have to be focused on the interviewee.
- Before interview, state date and location on tape.
- Ease into the interview by asking person how long they have lived at their house.
- Begin with the family shoe box of old photographs, certificates, and documents to be used as a memory jogger.
- Pass one photograph at a time in front of camera lens and ask about each.
- "Label" each photo by asking the who, what, where, when, and why of the photo.
- Try to keep the questions going and be prepared to ad-lib questions to keep the train of thought going.
- When done with photographs, begin interview questions (see suggested interview questions below).
- Use as few or as many interview questions as desired. In some cases, it may be best to conduct several short interviews rather than one very long session. And not all suggested interview questions will apply.
- If the person being interviewed can't remember an answer, move on to the next question and come back to the unanswered question later. Try rephrasing the question to see if that helps better trigger memory.
- If the person being interviewed chooses not to answer a question, move on.
- Sometimes a telephone interview is the only option. Be sure to call in advance to set a convenient time. Take notes during the conversation, and transcribe immediately after the interview.
- And sometimes, an interview by correspondence is the only option. It is usually best to just send a few questions at a time and leave space for the answers. Send a large self-addressed stamped envelope and always send a follow-up thank you note. If the person seems willing, it may be possible to set up a correspondence where you can ask additional interview questions.
Suggested Interview Questions
- What is your full name, date and place of birth?
- Were you born at home or at a hospital?
- How was your name chosen?
- What are your parents full names, dates and places of birth, dates of death and cemetery?
- What are your grandparents (all 4) full names, places of birth, dates of death and cemetery?
- What are your great-grandparents (all 8) full names, places of birth, dates of death and cemetery? And continue as far back as you know. (Use this
genealogy program to stay organized.)
- If any were born in a different county, did they describe their travel here? What was their reason for immigrating? Was it difficult to get used to a new way of life?
- How did your parents, grandparents, and other relatives meet and marry? Are there family stories of lost love, jilted brides, unusual courtships, arranged marriages, or elopements?
- What stories have come down to you about your parents? Grandparents? More distant ancestors? How have these relatives described their lives to you? What have you learned from them about their childhood, adolescence, schooling, marriage, work, religion, political activity, recreation?
- Who is the oldest family person you personally knew? Tell me about this person.
- Does your family have any heirlooms, objects of sentimental or monetary value, that have been handed down? What are they? Are there stories connected with them? (Take photos.)
- Who is the family historian? Do they have photographs, movies, slides?
- Describe your house in detail.
- How have things changed since you were a child?
- Describe the happiest time in your life.
- Describe the saddest time in your life.
- Describe the biggest accomplishment in your life.
- If you had the opportunity to change anything in your life, what would it be?
- What are your favorite things to do with your children? Your grandchildren?
- What would you like to share with descendants? Philosophy of life? Religious beliefs? Encouragement and counsel?
- What is the most important thing you would like your children to learn from you?
- Describe your childhood house in detail. Draw layout.
- Did you have your own room?
- When was running water added? Electricity? Toilet? Telephone? Radio? Television? What was it like when these were installed? What did you use before?
- How was your house heated?
- Describe the city / town in which you grew up.
- What was the first radio show you heard?
- What was the first TV show you saw?
- Did you have a refrigerator? Icebox?
- Was there a vegetable garden? Fruit trees? Were the fruits and vegetables canned?
- Did you store food in the cellar? What foods?
- What kinds of chores did you have as a child? Before school? After school?
- Did you help earn money to support your family?
- What was your favorite toy?
- What was your favorite thing to do?
- Describe a typical day.
- Describe a typical Sunday.
- What was Christmas morning like? What was a typical gift?
- How did you celebrate birthdays?
- How did you celebrate July 4th?
- How did you celebrate Thanksgiving?
- What is your favorite holiday memory?
- Who were your best friends?
- What games did you play? Jump Rope? Ball?
- What schools did you attend?
- How did you get to school?
- What was your hardest subject in school? Easiest?
- Who was your favorite teacher? Favorite subject?
- How many were in a classroom?
- When did you first drive a car? Officially and unofficially?
- How much did gasoline cost then?
- What gasoline brand did you buy?
- Describe the cars the family owned? Year, color?
- Did you have any pets?
- Did you go to the movies? How much was admission?
- Who were your favorite actor, actress, movie, recording artist?
- Did you ever attend a play?
- Did your family go on vacations?
- When was the first time you were away from home?
- What did you get caught doing after you were told not to do it?
- What cemeteries did your family visit and who was buried there?
- What church did your family attend? What is different about church today?
- How did you get to your church?
- What churches did you visit for marriages, funerals, baptisms, etc.?
- Do you remember any hurricanes, tornadoes, blizzards, or floods?
- What were some memorable moments with your parents?
- What were the best times spent with your grandparents?
- Do you have any special memories of other relatives?
- Did you attend family reunions? Who would attend? Are the reunions still being held?
- What is your first memory as a child?
- What is your favorite memory as a child?
- Are there any funny family stories?
- What did you want to be when you grew up?
- What was the happiest time for your family?
- What was the saddest time for your family?
- Was English the first language for everyone in you family?
- Did anyone in the family speak with accents?
- How many languages were spoken?
- Did anyone in the family play musical instruments?
- Who was the first in the family to attend college? What was the degree?
- Who in the family knows how to sew, knit, crochet, or do needlework?
- How did they learn?
- Do you own any of the pieces? Tell me the details. (Take photo) .
- Did anyone have professional portraits taken? On what occasion? Where are the portraits now? (Take picture of portrait if it is available)
- Was there favorite family recipes? How were they passed down--by word of mouth, by observation, in writing? Are they still in use today? (Make copies of the recipes)
- What does your family like to do together?
- What traditions did your family have? Are they still practiced?
- What makes your family special?
Growing up on a farm
- Sketch a layout of the farm.
- Sketch the outline of the barn.
- Sketch the silo and the shape of the dome area. What was the silo made of?
- What color were the buildings?
- What kind of chores did you do before school?
- What kind of chores did you do after school?
- Was there a windmill?
- What was the most dangerous thing you did on the farm?
- What kinds of tractors did you have? How old were you when you first drove it?
- Did you ever drive a team of horses and for what purpose?
- What were you jobs during threshing?
- Where did you purchase your groceries?
- What was your cash crop?
- Did you have a vegetable stand?
- What were your responsibilities at the stand?
- Did you have cows? What kind?
- What diary processed your milk?
- What other animals were on the farm?
- What happened when animals on the farm were sick.?
- Did you grow your family meals? How about the Thanksgiving dinner?
Dating / Wedding
- Where did you go on dates?
- What were the best dates?
- Did you often double date?
- How did you first meet your spouse?
- How soon before your first date?
- Describe a typical date.
- How soon before you married?
- Describe your marriage proposal. What were the words? Where did it take place?
- What did your parents say when you told them?
- Describe your wedding clothes.
- Where did you purchase them?
- Describe your wedding ring.
- Did you jointly decide on wedding rings?
- What was your wedding day like? Temperature, kind of day? What were the festivities like?
- Did you go on a honeymoon?
- Where did you first live as a couple? And then where?
- What are your children's names, dates and places of birth?
- What do you most remember most about the day they were born?
- How did you pick their names?
- Describe your work.
- Describe how you arrived at that occupation.
- What was a daily activity like at work?
- Were the working conditions safe?
- If you had an opportunity to have a different occupation, what would it have been?
- Were you ever in a war or serve in the military?
- What do you remember most?
- Where did you enlist?
- Why did you enlist?
- Where did you serve?
- What were your responsibilities?
- What was your rank?
- Were you awarded any medals? (Take photos)
After the Interview
When the interview is over, immediately remove the tab from the tape so that it can not be written over. Interview tapes are priceless and irreplaceable, so make a duplicate copy of the tape and keep it in a separate place. While everything is fresh in your memory, transcribe the interview and be sure to mark the written transcription with the name of interviewee, date and location. As you are transcribing, make notes of what you would like to ask at a second interview. Keep your notes organized by using the genealogy program,
Family Tree Maker 2010.
After interviewing family members, consider visiting some of the places that are important to their story and that had special meaning to your family. Take pictures of the places they lived, schools and churches that they attended, and other important places in the family history which can later be added to your heritage album.
In addition to interviewing older family members for special family history memories, children and grandchildren can be interviewed for their memories of an older family member. Ask children and grandchildren what they remembered best about times spent with their grandparents. Weave these stories into the heritage album.
Many questions by valentine
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