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Only a small fragment of the 1890 general population census and an incomplete set of special schedules enumerating Union veterans and widows are available today as most of the 1890 census was
destroyed by a fire
The 1890 veterans census is sometimes used as a census substitute for the 1890 regular population census. The veterans schedules are a head of household list for those who served in the Union military during the Civil War. The 1890 Veterans schedule was meant to only record Union veterans, but, in a few small instances, Confederate veterans were also recorded.
In addition to being a 1890 census substitute, veterans schedules can be used to verify military service and to identify the specific military regiment in which a person served. This information can be used to search for the
veterans military pension records
Search for U.S. census transcriptions on websites across the internet including the U.S. GenWeb Projects.
Ancestry.com 1890 Veterans United States Federal Census
All the surviving 1890 veterans census have been digitized and indexed by Ancestry. You can view for free the only website that has all fields of the census transcribed including names, location, and numbers of family members. Ancestry also has a very strong and flexible search engine. Images are available for a fee.
Some of this census has been lost and destroyed. The 1890 veterans census exists for the states Kentucky through Wyoming, and is also available for the District of Columbia.
The surviving states are Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming, and Washington, D.C.