1810 Ancestry Census Records Search

Guide, Clues & Finding Aid for the 1810 U. S. Federal Census.

The 1810 census was the 3rd U.S. census which was performed for Congressional representation and for taxation. Today, it is a great resource for learning about early American ancestors.

Where can I find the 1810 U.S. Census?

There are numerous websites where the 1810 census can be found. Some websties have only transcriptions while, some also have images. Only some websites have indexed the records. While the indexes for each website may be similar, the search engines are different. If you can't find your ancestor in one website, try another. Read the difference between the different websites.

  • Ancestor Search Transcribed U.S. Census Records Search

    Search for U.S. census transcriptions on websites across the internet including the U.S. GenWeb Projects.

    Some of the 1810 census has been transcribed and placed on the internet.

    Search by name, county, state and/or year.

  • Ancestry.com 1810 United States Federal Census
    All the surviving 1810 census has been digitized and indexed by Ancestry. You can view for free the only website that has all fields of the census transcribed including names, location, and numbers of family members. Ancestry also has a very strong and flexible search engine. The complete transcribed i Index is free and images are available for a fee.

  • Family Search
    The Mormon genealogy site offers a free searchable and browsable index and census transcription for the 1810 census. Images are available at family history centers.

  • Internet Archive
    This copy of the 1810 census microfilm can be read online or the PDF files can be downloaded. Browsable but not indexed.

Can't find someone in your census search?

Many names may seem incorrect in the census index because surname spelling wasn't standardized at this time. The census taker may have written the name on the census sheet phonetically as the name sounded to him. Not only may the name have been written incorrectly on the original census, the handwriting may have difficult to decipher when creating the index or the microfilm may have been too faded to read correctly.

What can I learn from the 1810 Census Records?

Census Date - August 6, 1810

The 1810 census lists the name of the head of household; there is just a head count for other family members by age and gender


Census questions:

  • City or town or district or township and county of residence
  • Name of the head of each household.
  • Number (but not name) of Free White Males:
    • under 10 years old
    • age 10 and under 16
    • age 16 and under 26
    • age 26 and under 45
    • age 45 and over
  • Number (but not name) of Free White Females:
    • under 10 years old
    • age 10 and under 16
    • age 16 and under 26
    • age 26 and under 45
    • age 45 and over
  • Number (but not name) of free "colored" persons
  • Number (but not name) of slaves of all ages
Download blank census form

How can you use the 1810 Census?

  • You can identify immediate neighbors who may be related.
  • You can identify number of people living in household.
  • You can browse to find spelling variations of your surname to help you find additional records.
  • You can use the location to look for churches, cemeteries, courthouses, and other places where your ancestor may have left records.
  • You can identify slave holders

What states are in the 1810 Census?

The 1810 census enumerated more than seven million people. The surviving states are Connecticut, Delaware, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Vermont, and Virginia.

The census for the states of Georgia, Mississippi, New Jersey, Ohio, Tennessee and the District of Columbia have been destroyed

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