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1830 Ancestry Census Records Search

Guide, Clues & Finding Aid for the 1830 U. S. Federal Census.

The 1830 census was the fifth census of the U.S. whose purpose was tax reasons and Congressional apportionment. These census are a way to research their early American ancestors.



Where can I find the 1830 U.S. Census?

  • Ancestor Search Transcribed U.S. Census Records Search

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    Search for U.S. census transcriptions on websites across the internet including the U.S. GenWeb Projects.

    Some of the 1830 census has been transcribed and placed on the internet.

    Search by name, county, state and/or year.





  • Ancestry.com 1830 United States Federal Census
    All the surviving 1830 census has been digitized and indexed by Ancestry. You can view for free the only website that has all fields of the census transcribed including names, location, and numbers of family members. Ancestry also has a very strong and flexible search engine. Transcribed census is free. Images are available for a fee


  • Family Search
    The Mormon genealogy site offers a free searchable and browsable index and census transcription for the 1830 census. Images are available at family history centers.

  • Internet Archive
    This copy of the 1830 census microfilm can be read online or the PDF files can be downloaded. Browsable but not indexed.






What can I learn from the 1830 Census Records?

Census Date - June 1, 1830
The 1830 census lists the name of the head of household; there is just a head count for other family members by age and gender that gives a snapshot of the household.

Census questions:

  • City or town or district or township and county of residence
  • Name of the head of each household.
  • Number (but not name) of Free White Males:
    • ages 0 and under 5
    • ages 5 and under 10
    • ages 10 and under 15
    • ages 15 and under 20
    • ages 20 and under 30
    • ages 30 and under 40
    • ages 40 and under 50
    • ages 50 and under 60
    • ages 60 and under 70
    • ages 70 and under 80
    • ages 80 and under 90
    • ages 90 and under 100
    • age over 100
  • Number (but not name) of Free White Females:
    • ages 0 and under 5
    • ages 5 and under 10
    • ages 10 and under 15
    • ages 15 and under 20
    • ages 20 and under 30
    • ages 30 and under 40
    • ages 40 and under 50
    • ages 50 and under 60
    • ages 60 and under 70
    • ages 70 and under 80
    • ages 80 and under 90
    • ages 90 and under 100
    • age over 100
  • Number (but not name) of Male Slaves:
    • ages 0 and under 10
    • ages 10 and under 24
    • ages 24 and under 36
    • ages 36 and under 55
    • ages 56 and under 100
    • age over 100
  • Number (but not name) of Female Slaves:
    • ages 0 and under 10
    • ages 10 and under 24
    • ages 24 and under 36
    • ages 36 and under 55
    • ages 56 and under 100
    • age over 100
  • Number (but not name) of Free Male Colored (black) Persons
    • under 14
    • age 14 and under 26
    • age 26 and under45
    • age 45 and up
  • Number (but not name) of Free Female Colored Persons
    • under 14
    • age 14 and under 26
    • age 26 and under45
    • age 45 and up
  • Number (but not name) of White Persons
    • deaf and dumb age under 14
    • deaf and dumb age 14 to 25
    • deaf and dumb age 25 and up
    • blind
    • not naturalized
  • Number (but not name) of Slaves and Free Colored (black) Persons
    • deaf and dumb age under 14
    • deaf and dumb age 14 to 25
    • deaf and dumb age 25 and up
    • blind
    • free





Download blank census form




How can you use the 1830 Census?



  • You can identify immediate neighbors who may be related.
  • You can identify number of people living in household.
  • You can browse to find spelling variations of your surname to help you find additional records.
  • You can use the location to look for churches, cemeteries, courthouses, and other places where your ancestor may have left records.
  • You can identify slaveholders
  • You can identify slaves in age group by owner name
  • You can identify free men of color listed as head of household
  • You can use the aliens (not naturalized) column to determine length of residency in US to then help find naturalization papers
  • You can use the "deaf and dumb" and blind columns to check for institutional and / or guardianship records.






What states are in the 1830 Census?

The 1830 census enumerated over twelve million people of which two million were slaves. The states included are Alabama, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mississippi, Missouri, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Vermont, Virginia.

Some counties in Maryland, Massachusetts, Mississippi have not survived.






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